Coping with minority stress in romantic relationships among lesbian, gay and bisexual people

Authors & affiliation

Chao Song, Ann Buysse, Wei Hong Zhang, Ciyong Lu, Meijun Zhao, Alexis Dewaele


Minority Stress in lesbian, gay, and bisexual people (LGBs) might have detrimental effects on relationship satisfaction. However, less is known regarding the potential mechanisms among the association above in LGBs' romantic relationships. In the present study, we investigated the spillover and buffering impact of minority stress on relationship satisfaction among LGB individuals. A targeted sampling strategy was used to recruit LGBs (N= 1481) for a cross-sectional, online survey. Participants (M age = 35.05 years; 53% men) completed a survey that captured minority stress (i.e., internalized homonegativity, stigma consciousness, and concealment of sexual orientation); intra-/extra-dyadic stress and dyadic coping; and relationship satisfaction. Rigorous latent moderated structural equations was used to test associations between variables. Results indicated that the final model demonstrated acceptable fit. Minority stress was negatively associated with relationship satisfaction only via heightened intra-dyadic stress. Dyadic coping moderated the spillover effect between minority stress and intra-dyadic stress. This study highlights the importance of investigating dyadic coping in romantic relationships in LGBs to gain an insight into these relationships and the associated processes. It has important clinical and social implications for the development and evaluation of multi-level interventions.

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