Mothers of adolescent girls and Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccination in Western Kenya

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Hillary Mabeya Mirera, Jack Odunga, Davy Vanden Broeck


Introduction: human papilloma virus (HPV) which is preventable is the main cause of cervical cancer and it targets mostly young adolescents. The study was to determine the practice desire, attitude and knowledge of mothers of adolescent girls on HPV vaccination in Western Kenya. Methods: this was a descriptive cross-sectional study design. Data was obtained using semi-structured questionnaires and analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics at 95% confidence level using the SPSS software version 22. A p-value <= 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: ninety five percent of the mothers had intentions to vaccinate their daughters and also had a positive attitude and their response to HPV vaccination was significantly lower than those without intentions p=0.02, 95% CI, OR=0.48 (0.90-0.89). Vaccination against HPV was low at 9.4% with a mean age of 34 years. Our results found a high level of cervical cancer awareness (85.0%), HPV and vaccine awareness respectively (62.0%, and 64.0%). "Vaccination of my daughters will prompt early sexual activity and the cost of HPV vaccination being a barrier to vaccination" had a statistically significant influence on the practice of vaccination. Negative attitude to daughters' early onset of sexual activity significantly reduced up take while positive attitude to cost of HPV vaccine significantly increased up take of HPV vaccination with p value of 0.007 and 0.04 respectively. Conclusion: awareness of HPV and HPV vaccine prevention is low among mothers of adolescent girls in Western Kenya. There was a positive attitude and high desire towards the use of HPV vaccination therefore a need for awareness, policy and unify efforts to reduce cervical cancer burden.

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