Performance of a cartridge-based assay for detection of clinically significant human papillomavirus (HPV) infection : lessons from VALGENT (Validation of HPV Genotyping Tests)
Authors & affiliation
Kate Cuschieri, Daan Geraets, Jack Cuzick, Louise Cadman, Catherine Moore, Davy Vanden Broeck, Elizaveta Padalko, Wim Quint, Marc Arbyn
The Validation of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Genotyping Tests (VALGENT) studies offer an opportunity to clinically validate HPV assays for use in primary screening for cervical cancer and also provide a framework for the comparison of analytical and type-specific performance. Through VALGENT, we assessed the performance of the cartridge-based Xpert HPV assay (Xpert HPV), which detects 14 high-risk (HR) types and resolves HPV16 and HPV 18/45. Samples from women attending the United Kingdom cervical screening program enriched with cytologically abnormal samples were collated. All had been previously tested by a clinically validated standard comparator test (SCT), the GP5+/6+ enzyme immunoassay (EIA). The clinical sensitivity and specificity of the Xpert HPV for the detection of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or higher (CIN2+) and CIN3+ relative to those of the SCT were assessed as were the inter-and intralaboratory reproducibilities according to international criteria for test validation. Type concordance for HPV16 and HPV 18/45 between the Xpert HPV and the SCT was also analyzed. The Xpert HPV detected 94% of CIN2+ and 98% of CIN3+ lesions among all screened women and 90% of CIN2+ and 96% of CIN3+ lesions in women 30 years and older. The specificity for CIN1 or less (<= CIN1) was 83% (95% confidence interval [CI], 80 to 85%) in all women and 88% (95% CI, 86 to 91%) in women 30 years and older. Inter-and intralaboratory agreements for the Xpert HPV were 98% and 97%, respectively. The kappa agreements for HPV16 and HPV18/45 between the clinically validated reference test (GP5+/6+ LMNX) and the Xpert HPV were 0.92 and 0.91, respectively. The clinical performance and reproducibility of the Xpert HPV are comparable to those of well-established HPV assays and fulfill the criteria for use in primary cervical cancer screening.
Link to publication
AttachmentsJ. Clin. Microbiol.-2016-Cuschieri-2337-42.pdf (restricted)
Olivier Degomme, Ines Keygnaert, Katrina Perehudoff, Heleen Vermandere2014 Determinants of acceptance and subsequent uptake of the HPV vaccine in a cohort in Eldoret, Kenya
Olivier Degomme, Kristien Michielsen, Heleen Vermandere2010 Association of HIV infection with distribution and viral load of HPV types in Kenya: a survey with 820 female sex workers