The prevalence and risk of female genital mutilation/cutting among migrant women and girls in the Netherlands : an extrapolation method

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Ramin Kawous, Maria E. T. C. van den Muijsenbergh, Diana Geraci, Anke van der Kwaak, Els Leye, Annemarie Middelburg, Livia E. Ortensi, Alex Burdorf


Objectives The aim of the study was (I) to estimate the prevalence of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) and distribution of types of FGM/C among migrant girls and women in the Netherlands, and (II) to estimate the number of migrant girls at risk of being cut in the immediate future. Methods National population-based survey data regarding FGM/C prevalence were applied to female migrants in the Netherlands who migrated from 29 countries with available nationally representative data on FGM/C. Results As of January 1st 2018, there were 95,588 female migrants residing in the Netherlands, originating from 29 countries with available nationally representative data on FGM/C. Our findings suggest that about 41,000 women had undergone FGM/C, of which 37% had Type III (infibulation). In total 4,190 girls are estimated to be at risk of FGM/C in the next 20 years, of whom 394 were first-generation girls. Conclusion These findings show the urgency to develop appropriate strategies and policies to prevent FGM/C, to protect girls and women at risk of the practice, and to provide adequate services and support for those affected by FGM/C in the Netherlands.

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Kawous_et_al_prevalence_NL.pdf (open)

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