Sexual and Gender-based Violence
Authors & affiliation
Lisa Fomenko, Ines Keygnaert
In this study, we sought to create a prediction model to identify individuals admitted at a Sexual Assault Care Center (SACC) who are at risk of revictimization. We had a dataset comprising 4793 admissions, and explored a wide array of 150 predictor variables, encompassing characteristics of the victim, the violence, and the care received at the SACC. We employed survival analysis, specifically the Cox Proportional Hazards model, to better understand the factors contributing to revictimization risk. Our findings underscore the significance of socioeconomic and mental health factors among the predictors. Socioeconomic vulnerabilities such as homelessness, unemployment, a lack of a significant other during the initial SACC admission, and shelter residence following SACC discharge were linked to increased risks of revictimization. Additionally, mental health factors played a crucial role, with a history of psychiatric consultations and prior experiences of sexual violence elevating the risk. High scores on the risk assessment questionnaire related to selfharm and suicide risk were also associated with a heightened hazard of revictimization. Remarkably, our study revealed that characteristics of the victim, particularly those related to socioeconomic and mental health, emerged as the most critical predictors. In contrast, variables associated with the nature of the sexual violence itself or the care received at the SACC were not selected. These findings underscore the necessity of a holistic approach to (re)victimization. They emphasize the urgency of targeting especially vulnerable groups characterized by a limited or nonexistent social network, financial dependency, and compromised mental health. Notably, these factors are not only risk factors for revictimization but also for victimization itself, highlighting the importance of creating a more complex, substantial, and durable safety net. Our research underscores the need for future interventions and support systems that extend beyond the SACC to address the multifaceted and long-term challenges faced by these vulnerable groups.
Saar Baert, Lisa Fomenko, Nele Vaerewijck, Lotte De Schrijver, An-Sofie Van Parys, Ines Keygnaert2021 ANSER : five years of global academic collaboration building evidence for sexual and reproductive health and rights policies
Olivier Degomme, Emilie Peeters, Hedwig Deconinck, Alban Ylli, Albana Fico, Gentiana Qirjako, Dorina Ttocaj, Sara De Meyer, Kristien Michielsen, Anna Page, Wina Baeha, Kristi Praptiwi, Miranda van Reeuwijk, Beatriz Manuel, Elin C. Larsson, Carmen Ortiz, Bernardo Vega, Monserrath Jerves, Simukai Shamu, Annemiek Seeuws, Anna Galle, Anne Nobels, Ines Keygnaert, Hazel Barrett, Nina Van Eekert, Tammary Esho, Els Leye, Carles Pericas Escale, Samuel Thuo Kimani, Sofie Thielemans, Dara De Schutter, Remi Moerkerke, Louis De Backer, Viola N. Nyakato, Elizabeth Kemigisha, Wei Hong Zhang, Marleen Temmerman, Lina Hu, Shangchun Wu, Kaiyan Pei, Charlotte Neves de Oliveira, Argyro Chatzinikolaou, Eva Lievens2022 Barriers and facilitators to cervical cancer screening among under- and neverscreened women in Belgium : a qualitative study on community and healthcare providers’ perspective
Bo Verberckmoes, Elien De Paepe, Janne De Vestele, Heleen Vermandere, Ines Keygnaert, Olivier Degomme