Perceived availability of home- and community-based services and self-reported depression among Chinese older adults : a cross-sectional study
Authors & affiliation
Yushan Yu, Jun Zhang, Chao Song, Mirko Petrovic, Xiaomei Pei, Wei Hong Zhang
Few studies have assessed the association between perceived availability of homeand community-based services (HCBSs) and self-reported depression among Chinese older adults, which the present study attempts to rectify. This cross-sectional study enrolled 11,941 participants aged 65 and older from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey 2018 wave. The 10-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CESD-10) was used to evaluate depression, and perceived availability was measured for four categories of HCBSs: daily life assistance, medical care services, emotional support and social services, and other. These four categories and the number of services in each were used to represent the perceived availability of service provision. Binary logistic models were used to explore the relationship between perceived availability of HCBSs and depression in older adults. Perceived daily life assistance was found to be negatively associated with depression symptoms among Chinese older adults in both urban and rural areas [rural: OR (95%CI) = 0.66 (0.55–0.78), p < 0.001; urban: OR (95% CI) = 0.69(0.60–0.79), p < 0.001], while perceived levels of medical care services, emotional support and social services, and other were not associated with depression symptoms in rural or urban areas. Our primary finding was that providing daily life assistance at the community level may help to meet more older adults’ daily needs, thus potentially decreasing the risk of depression.